SR

Proposal to Award the Nobel Peace Prize to BORIS VUKOBRAT 2000 - 2001 - 2008


INDEX

Kiro Gligorov, President of the Republic of Macedonia

Jean Tulard, Professeur d'Histoire à la Sorbonne Paris IV, Membre de l'Institut ( Académie des sciences Morales et Politiques )

Jacques-Yvan Morin, Professeur de droit International, ancien Vice-premier ministre du Québec, ancien membre de la Cour permanente d'Arbitrage à la Haye

Lord Carrington, Member of the house of Lords

V.K. Volkov, professor, Director, Institute of Slavic Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences N.P.Shmeliov, Director, Institute of Europe, Russian Academy of Sciences

A.D. Nekipelov, Academician, Director, Institute of Internationale Economic and Political Studies,Russian Academy of Sciences

Milo Djukanovic, Président de la République du Monténégro

Aleksandr N. Yakovlev, Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Philippe Morillon,Général, député au Parlement Européen

A.W. Roscoe, Professor of Computing Science, Oxford University Computing Labaratory, Jiri Dienstbier, Former foreign minister of Czechoslovakia, UN Special Envoy for Human Rights in Former Yugoslavia

Pierre Salinger, former Senator, former Press Secretary of Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson

Erhard Busek, former Vice Chancellor of Austria, Coordinator of SECI and Special Representative of the Austrian gouvernment for EU-Enlargement

Marc Lienhard, Professeur Emérite de l'Université Marc Bloch de Strasbourg, Président du Directoire de l'Eglise de la Confession d'Augsbourg d'Alsace et de Lorraine

Andreas Luksa, Acting Bishop, chief of Lutherian Church of Croatia

Zarko Andricevic, Dharma teacher, Head of the Community

Olosegun Obasango, Président de la république fédéral du Nigeria


President of the Republic of Macedonia
THE NORWEGIAN NOBEL COMMITTEE Drammensveien 19 0255 OSLO NORWAY

My reasons for putting forward Boris Vukobrat as a candidate for this prestigious prize are rooted in his life and his endeavors. As an active politician and a long-time champion of Balkan integration, I have followed his work for years. We have met on several occasions and have often exchanged ideas. I was with keen interest and much respect that I have read his open letters, articles and interviews.

A philanthropist and businessman who shares his time between Switzerland and France, Boris Vukobrat was born in Zagreb. Like the celebrated scientist Nikola Tesla before him, he is no less attached to "his Serbian origins" than to "his Croatian homeland", and considers himself a Yugoslav who belongs to a varied group of peoples capable of living in peace. He is an active opponent of ethnic divisions, hatred and war, and a tireless champion of peace. That he does indeed possess all these qualities I was able to learn for myself at the time of his efforts in connection with the recognition of Macedonia, whose President I am. For his contribution to the promotion of Soviet-French relations he was made a chevalier of the Legion of Honour.

The organizer of a number of philanthropic, cultural and humanitarian events, he is also a generous patron of the French Academy of Sciences and co-founder with Boutros Boutros-Ghali and Franco Agnelli, of the Francophone University in Alexandria. He never ceased investing in his own country either, and has equipped hospitals and schools in all the republics of the former Yugoslavia; provided talented young people with scholarships; and founded the Slavonic Conservatoire in Paris.

After the war broke out in Croatia and Bosnia, he drew up his Proposals for peaceful solution of the crisis, in which-he laid down the theoretical foundations for future cooperation among the newly created states, the free movement of people, ideas and capital, the pacification of this volatile region, and its eventual association with Europe. He has repeatedly offered to set aside his own interests and place his businessman's experience at the service of this great project, without seeking any remuneration.

For years now, his Peace and Crises Management Foundation, founded in 1992 and sustained by the unstinting expenditure of money earned by decades of honest work, has been a focal point of intellectual and political activity aimed at stopping the war and removing its underlying causes. When Mikhail Gorbachov asked him to draw up a blueprint for the solution of the crisis in the USSR, a group of experts associated to the Foundation and inspired by Boris Vukobrat's ideas came up with a study entitled Proposals for Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States. To this day it remains the best guidepost towards a peaceful future in the region. In recognition of his peace-making efforts during-the Yugoslav wars, Francois Mitterrand honored. Boris Vukobrat's with the title of officer of the Legion of Honor.

At the time when the territory of former Yugoslavia was ravaged by the fury of war and frenzied passions, Boris Vukobrat was an un-wavering advocate of the peaceful coexistence of all the peoples in the region. His views can be found in his "Chairman's Letters", sent periodically to thousands of important addresses. Of all the wealthy Yugoslav expatriates in the West, he is the only one who never embraced any kind of nationalism, never cooperated with the new regimes and gave no aid to any nationalist or neo-fascist party. Throughout the Yugoslav crisis, experts and men of peace constantly spoke of him as a bringer of solutions, a man who could play .a decisive role in the establishment of peace and stability in the Balkans. He refused to cooperate with the regimes of Yugoslavia and Croatia, and suspended all business dealings with the region, thereby losing an important market and suffering significant losses' but he always places ethical norms before personal gain or success, and believes peace to be a supreme and irreplaceable good.

"War does not solve problems. It is work that can solve them, or at least attenuate them; work in peace, and peace for the sake of work and progress. Peace is the future of the world; it is the future of Serbia and of the Balkans. I am convinced that most wars could have been avoided and that many future wars will be avoided. The future is in our hands - a future of peace", wrote Boris Vukobrat. These few lines contain the essence of his conception of politics and of his own efforts.

Boris Vukobrat's vision of lasting peace proposes an association of civil states in the Balkans, the regionalization of power, economic and cultural cooperation. Unlike the regime of Slobodan Milosevic and other Balkan regimes and their representatives, Boris Vukobrat advocates the values of the western democracies, the free market, the protection of human rights, equality of individuals, and all that core values of our civilization. It has been written of him that "in Serbia, which is the key to the Balkan crisis, Boris Vukobrat represents an alternative both to the regime and to the nationalist opposition; as such, he is the inevitable leader of a future democratic movement." It is an opinion I am glad to concur with.

Awarding the Nobel Peace Prize to a person of Boris Vukobrat's integrity would provide a public counterbalance to the politics of hostility and belligerence in this part of Europe and bolster all the political forces and individuals opposed to nationalist policies. Therefore I wholeheartedly propose him for consideration by Your esteemed Committee.

Kiro Gligorov
PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA
12.11.1999
Skopje - R. Macedonia


Mikhail Gorbachev

Highly esteemed Members of the Committee,

First of all I would like to point out that the awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize for 2000 to the president of the Republic of Korea Mr. Kim Dae Jung appears to me to be a new example how propitiosly your decision can influence political and and public atmosphere in conflict situations fraught with wide international turmoils as it is the case in fact on the Korean peninsula, thus meaning in the whole Asian-Pacific region.

Highly appreciating this decision of yours I was pleased to get to know that among the candidates for the Nobel Peace Prize for 2001 there is a renowned Yugoslav public figure, Boris Vukobrat and the fund headed by him, who has been actively contributing to the settlement of the international conflict situations for quite a few years and primarily on the territories of the former and present Yugoslavia.

The events of the last years show how sharply Yugoslav crises affect the stability and security not only of the South East Europe but also far beyond its boundaries. The attempts to settle these crises by forceful methods, all the more from outside the country, are at least not promising. I am stating that with the sufficiently full knowledge of the matter as the circumstances, many acting persons, and what is most important - the roots of these conflicts are well known to me. Without a substantial political settlement the Yugoslav volcano may explode with a new violence and trigger a chain reaction of much wider shocks. Therefore it deems extraudinarily important to give an all-out support to multy¬year peace making efforts of Yugoslays themselves, acting on the basis of the constructive stand for reasonable and just compromises. This very particular approach as per my long-term observations is notable for Boris Vukobrat and his find.

Being well aware of the specific nature of Yugoslav and Balkan problems, so to say from inside, Boris Vukobrat and his colleagues together with their partners and parties concerned have been unceasingly searching, finding and proposing political solutions for such most acute problems as Bosnian and Kosovo ones. At that the undoubtful merit of their public and political activities lies in the due regard to the modern common European and the widest international context, principles and norms of the international law, It is characteristic that the positive evaluation of these peace making efforts is given by a good number of famous politicians, public figures and scientists on the Balkans, in East and West Europe as well as in a quite a few countries of North and South America and Africa. All that allows me to back up the nomination of Boris Vukobrat and Peace and Crisis Management Foundation headed by him for the Nobel Peace Prize for 2001.

The appearance on the Balkans of the "own" Nobel Prize winner may signify for the world public the changes for the better in the explosive zone of Europe neigbouring the boiling Middle East, huge Moslem world, and in its own way contribute to softening and settlement of inter-etnic, national, inter-religious and other contradictions and conflicts left over to the world as "inheritance" from the 20th century.

These are the considerations, highly esteemed Members of the Committee, I believed necessary to share with you.

With best regards,
Mikhail Gorbachev


THE CLUB OF BUDAPEBT FOUNDATION

THE HONORARY MEMBERS

H.E. Dsingis AITMATOV, writer
H.E. Oscar ARIAS, Statesman, Nobel prize Laureate
Dr. A.T. ARIYARATNE, social activist/spiritual leader
Maurice BEJART, dancer/choreographer
Prof. Thomas BERRY, theologian/scientist
Sir Arthur C. CLARKE, writer
H.H. The XIVth DALAI LAMA, statesman/spiritual leader
Dr. Riane EISLER, feminist historian/activist
Milos FORMAN, film director
Peter GABRIEL, musician
Dr. Jane GOODALL, scientist
Rivka GOLANI, musician
H.E. Mikhail GORBACHEV, political leader
H.E. Arpad GONCZ, writer/statesman
Prof. Otto Herbert HAJEK, sculptor
H.E. Vaclav HAVEL, writer/statesman
Pir Vilayat INAYAT-KHAN, spiritual leader
Miklos JANCSO, film director
Ken-Ichiro KOBAYASHI, orchestra director
Gildon KREMER, musician
Prof. Shu-Shien LIU, phillosopher
Eva MARTON, opera singer
Zubin MEHTA, orchestra director
Lord Yehudi MENUHIN +, musician
Dr. Edgar MITCHELL, scientist/astronaut
Prof. Edgar MORIN, phillosopher/socilogist
Dr. Robert MULLER, educator/activist
Prof. Nicholas NEGROPONTE, scientist, digital media leader
Ute-Henriette OHOVEN, Unesco ambassador
Prof. Gillo PONTECORVO, film director
H.E. Ruiyyih RABBANI +, spiritual leader
Jean-Pierre RAMPAL, musician
Mary ROBINSON, political and human rights leader
Mstislav ROSTROPOVICH, orchestra director
Sir Josef ROTBLAT, scientist/Nobel Peace Laureate
Dr. Peter RUSSELL, philosopher/futurist
H.E. Karan SINGH, spiritual leader
Sir George SOLTI+, orchestra director
Sir Sigmund STERNBERG, interfaith spiritual leader
Liv ULLMANN, film actor/director
Sir Peter USTINOV, actor/writer/director
Archbishop Desmond TUTU, spiritual leader/Nobel Peace Laureate
H.E. Vigdis FINNBOGADOTTIR, political leader
H.E. Richard von WEIZSACKER, statesman
Prof. Elie WIESEL, writer/Nobel Peace Laureate
Betty WILLIAMS, activist/Nobel Peace Laureate
Prof. Mohammed YUNUS, economist/financial leader


Prof. Dr. Ddr.h.c. Ervin Laszlo

23 March 2001
For the attention of Prof. Dr. Geir Lundestad Secrtary of the Norwegian Nobel Committe
and
Director of the Nobel Institute
Drammensvein
19 N - 0255 Oslo

Dear Sir,

I have the honor to propose to you Mr. Boris Vukobrat as Candidate for the Nobel Peace Prize.

I am familiar with the ideas and activities of Mr. Vukobrat and of his Foundation for Peace and the Management of Crises, and it is my firm conviction that these ideas and activities merit the highest international recognition, assured only by the Nobel Peace Prize.

Ever since its founding in 1992, The Foundation for Peace and the Management of Crises under the leadership of Boris Vukobrat has been a leading force for peace in the world, in particular in Eastern Europe and the Balkans. Mr. Vukobrat and his Foundation are dedicated to the proposition that a peaceful, non-military way must be found to bring the Balkan crisis to an end. The way he has offered to the international community is applicable to all the trouble-spots of the world, wherever national or ethnic animosities fan the flames of passion and threaten to ignite wars. Boris Vukobrat maintains, and has always maintained, that we must first define the causes of conflict with an open mind, and then propose practical solutions that can soothe the political, ethnic and religious antagonisms that are behind the conflicts. We must then define the appropriate legal and diplomatic tools that can support the proposed solutions and provide national and international guarantees for their sustained implementation.

Boris Vukobrat has repeatedly produced practical solutions for a peaceful resolution of the conflict in his native Yugoslavia. His ideas are contained in such documents as the Proposition fora New Community of the Ex-Republics of Yugoslavia where he laid out detailed steps that are both feasible and desirable. They are based on the free circulation of ideas, persons, and capital in the region, and significant autonomy for all of the Ex-Republics and ethnic groups. Freedom and autonomy in the region is at the same time joined by ties of mutually beneficial cooperation, permitting adequate coordination on the level of the entire Yugoslav Community. It is my belief that if Boris Vukobrat's ideas and projects are implemented, peace will be reestablished in the Balkans and one of the perennial hot-spots of the world will join the community of peaceful nations and regions.

Boris Vukobrat has not only produced ideas, projects, and documents, but has backed them with dedication, determination, and action. He has never hesitated to put the cause of peace above the cause of profit, sometimes – as he refused to enter into trade agreements with corrupt regimes and partners in Russia and Yugoslavia - accepting significant economic sacrifies. Moreover he has shown himself available to devote his full time and energies to the cause of peace.

A position in the Balkans through which Mr. Vukobrat could back his ideas and projects with authority would be of benefit to the entire region and, beyond that, to the entire international community. Consequently it is in the universal human interest to call attention to his ideas and projects, and allow them to gain the broad-based support they merit.

In this regard the awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize to Boris Vukobrat would perform an uniquely important two-fold function: on the one hand honouring a man whose life-work has been, and continues to be, dedicated to peace and the management of conflicts; and on the other lending his ideas and projects sufficient support to enable them to be translated into practice,  thereby contributing to the search for peace in the Balkans, in Eastern Europe, and wherever there is a potential for conflict in the world.

The ethics and dedication of Boris Vukobrat are fully aligned with the ethics and dedication of The Club of Budapest, its world-renowned Members, and its associates in over a dozen countries the world over. As founder and President of this organization it is my pleasure as well as duty to propose Boris Vukobrat for consideration in view of receiving the Peace Prize of the Nobel Foundation.

Very sincerely,

Prof. Dr. Ddr.h.c. Ervin Laszlo
President of The Club of Budapest

Enclosure: Information Document of The Club of Budapest